2 - Bulk

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Incremental settlement is an initiative of Afesis-corplan

MLS Contents

Module 2 explores what needs to happen before you can even start to move onto any piece of land. It looks at how to organise yourself as a community and how to identify land and get the necessary approvals to develop this piece of land.

The following steps are involved in the Bulk preparation phase.

  1. Initiation and management
  2. Bulk organising
  3. Bulk land
  4. Bulk planning and environment
  5. Bulk services
  6. Bulk access
  7. Bulk allocation
  8. Bulk financing

Decision questions: After working through this section you should be able to answer the following questions:


Exercise 1

Read the Bulk preparation stage of Pamela's story.

Exercise 2

Read the following short examples / case studies – which of them would you say follows the Incremental settlement process and why

See the suggested responses section to compare your response to those suggested.

Exercise 3: land options

Assume that you are a community of 100 households living in shacks on a flood plain next to a river.

You have the option to move to the following 4 pieces of land, which would you choose and why? make your decision based on the advantages and disadvantages of each option.

A very small piece of land right next to where you are living now that can only accommodate 10 of the 100 households on reasonably sized plots. The municipality will chose the 10 people who will get an RDP house with full services and tile deeds. There are no plans for the other 90 people,

A piece of land that can accommodate 100 households on very small plots that is about 1 KM away from where you are living now. You will have to wait 2 years before the RDP houses are build and you can move onto the land.

A piece of land that can accommodate 100 households fairly comfortably. The land is 5 km away. There will be 4 communal toilets and standpipes The municipality will let you stay on the land now only if you promise that no new and more people move onto the land.

A very big piece of land that is 30 KM’s on the other side of town away from where most people in your community work. The land can accommodate up to 800 plots with each household getting a large plot with pit latrines and water per plot

See the suggested responses section to compare your response to those suggested.

Exercise 4: allocation

Read the section on allocation from Pamela’s story found here. Why do you think Pamela and her friends allocated people to the church land the way they did? What other ways could they have organised the allocation?

See suggested responses section to compare your answer to those suggested.


Assignment 1: Find possible land

Go to your municipalities town planning department and find out from them what land the municipality has that you could consider asking for and/or ask them what other land you could consider developing. If you are already on the land, find out if you can stay where you are. For each potential piece of land find out what the opportunities are and the obstacles are for developing this piece of land. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each piece of land. For those pieces of land that look promising find out what the steps will be to get this land.

When looking at advantages and disadvantages consider the following questions:

Assignment 2: developer

As part of your committee, speak to as many people as possible and find out from them how they would develop the project for you. Examples of people to speak to include:

Note the various options you have for who can be the developer and consider the advantage and disadvantages of each option to help you identify who would be appropriate.

When looking at advantages and disadvantages take into account the following points:

Come back to this exercise whenever you feel you have new information and review your decisions. Note that the developer or person who takes the lead does not have to be the same person at each stage of the process. For example,. the municipality may be best placed to develop the land and services, but you may want to get an NGO to help you develop the houses.

Assignment 3: funding

Go to the municipality, provincial government and others and find out as much as you can about how you can pay for the MLS project. Many people will not understand the incremental settlement approach so you will have to continually explain it to the people you meet.

Assignment 4: Getting your ducks in a row

While you are negotiating for land, you can use the following checklist to check if you have addressed all the things you need to before you can move to the next phase of planning to and moving onto the land.

If the answer is no to any of these questions, find out from the municipality how it can be corrected, and find out how long it will take to correct it. Who within the municipality will be dealing with this so you can follow it up.

Assignment 5: allocation

Call a general meeting of the community you are working with and discuss how you will do allocation.

Next module

Click here to go to the next module, module 3 - Basic.

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